Matanzas

Matanzas Province

 

Matanzas Province

 
Country Cuba
Capital Matanzas
Area[1]
 • Total 11,798.02 km2 (4,555.2 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 690,113
 • Density 58.5/km2 (151.5/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-52
Website Provincial portal

Matanzas is one of the provinces of Cuba. Major towns in the province include Cárdenas, Colón, Jovellanos and the capital of the same name, Matanzas. The resort town of Varadero is also located in this province.

Of Cuba’s provinces, Matanzas is one of the most industrialised, with petroleum wells, refineries, supertanker facilities, and 21 sugar mills to process the harvests of the fields of sugarcane in the province.

Geography

The second largest in Cuba, Matanzas province is largely flat, with its highest point (Pan de Matanzas) at only 380m above sea level.

The north-western coast is largely rocky, with a few beaches, while the north-eastern coast has numerous small cays of its coast (part of Sabana-Camaguey Archipelago), and scrubland and mangroves near the shoreline. Cuba’s northern most point is located in on Hicacos Peninsula.

The southern coast has one of Cuba’s most distinctive features: an enormous marsh, Ciénaga de Zapata that covers both the southern part of the province and the Zapata Peninsula. East of the peninsula lies the Bay of Pigs, the site of the failed US backed invasion.

 

 

Municipalities

From 1976 to 2010 Matanzas was sub-divided into 14 municipalities. Starting from 2011, the municipality of Varadero was abolished and merged to Cárdenas. This Matanzas now has 13 municipalities.

 

Municipality

Population (2004)

area (km²)

Location

Remarks

Calimete 29736 958 22°32′2″N80°54′35″W / 22.53389°N 80.90972°O / 22.53389; -80.90972 (Calimete)  
Cárdenas 103087 566 23°02′34″N81°12′13″W / 23.04278°N 81.20361°O / 23.04278; -81.20361 (Cárdenas)  
Ciénaga de Zapata 8750 4320 22°17′17″N81°11′51″W / 22.28806°N 81.1975°O / 22.28806; -81.1975 (Playa Larga) Playa Larga
Colón 71579 597 22°43′21″N80°54′23″W / 22.7225°N 80.90639°O / 22.7225; -80.90639 (Colón)  
Jagüey Grande 57771 882 22°31′46″N81°07′57″W / 22.52944°N 81.1325°O / 22.52944; -81.1325 (Jagüey Grande)  
Jovellanos 58685 505 22°48′38″N81°11′52″W / 22.81056°N 81.19778°O / 22.81056; -81.19778 (Jovellanos)  
Limonar 25421 449 22°57′22″N81°24′31″W / 22.95611°N 81.40861°O / 22.95611; -81.40861 (Limonar)  
Los Arabos 25702 762 22°44′24″N80°42′57″W / 22.74°N 80.71583°O / 22.74; -80.71583 (Los Arabos)  
Martí 23475 1070 22°57′9″N80°55′0″W / 22.9525°N 80.91667°O / 22.9525; -80.91667 (Martí)  
Matanzas 143706 317 23°03′5″N81°34′30″W / 23.05139°N 81.575°O / 23.05139; -81.575 (Matanzas) Provincial Capital
Pedro Betancourt 32218 388 22°43′50″N81°17′27″W / 22.73056°N 81.29083°O / 22.73056; -81.29083 (Pedro Betancourt)  
Perico 31147 278 22°46′31″N81°00′54″W / 22.77528°N 81.015°O / 22.77528; -81.015 (Perico)  
Unión de Reyes 40022 856 22°48′2″N81°32′13″W / 22.80056°N 81.53694°O / 22.80056; -81.53694 (Unión de Reyes)  
Varadero 24681 32 23°08′23″N81°17′10″W / 23.13972°N 81.28611°O / 23.13972; -81.28611 (Varadero)  

 

 Demographics

In 2004, the province of Matanzas had a population of 675,980.[3] With a total area of 11,802.72 km2 (4,557.06 sq mi), the province had a population density of 57.3 /km2 (148 /sq mi).