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Provincia di Villa Clara

  

Provincia di Villa Clara

 
Dati amministrativi
Stato  Cuba
Capoluogo Santa Clara
Territorio
Coordinate del capoluogo  
Superficie 8 412,41 km²
Abitanti 817 070 (2004)
Densità 97,13 ab./km²
Altre informazioni
Fuso orario UTC-5

La Provincia di Villa Clara è una delle province di Cuba. La città capoluogo della provincia è Santa Clara. Si trova nella parte centrale di Cuba. 

Confina a Nord con il Golfo de México, Lo stretto di Florida e il Canal Viejo de Bahamas. A Sud confina con le provincie di Sancti Spíritus e Cienfuegos.

Nella citta’ di Santa Clara si trovano i resti del Che Guevara. Questa città fu fondata nel 1689 con il nome di Gloriosa Santa Clara, ed era conosciuta con il nome Las Villas fino a quando adotto’ finalmente la sua denominazione attuale

Economia

L’economía ha mantenuto una consolidata tradizione di lavorazione dello zucchero, anche se recentemente questa attivita’ e’ caduta in forte depresssione, prodotto della grande grisi economica e sta attraversando un processo di ristrutturazione delle risorse. Altre attività economiche importanti sono l’industria di prodotti elettrodomestici e semi pesante, l’industria chimica, la pesca e la coltivazione del caffe. Sono importanti anche gli allevamenti di gamberi del Caibarién, popolato principalmente da pescatori Il turismo e’ localizzato prevalentemente nella zona del lago Hanabanilla e nell’ Escambray, nei cayos  e coste del nord e nella zona delle acque termali di Elguea.

La provincia confina al Nord con un sistema di cayos, e piccole spiagge dalle acque cristalline e limpide e di fine sabbia bianca, che sono meta  di sub che praticano snorkeking e fotografia sottomarina.

Comuni

La Provincia di Villa Clara è suddivisa in 13 comuni.

Comune

Popolazione (2004)

Superficie (km²)

Localizzazione

Note

Caibarién 38064 212 22°30′57″N79°28′20″W / 22.51583°N 79.47222°O / 22.51583; -79.47222 (Caibarién)  
Camajuaní 63544 614 22°28′5″N79°43′25″W / 22.46806°N 79.72361°O / 22.46806; -79.72361 (Camajuaní)  
Cifuentes 33391 512 22°37′15″N80°03′57″W / 22.62083°N 80.06583°O / 22.62083; -80.06583 (Cifuentes)  
Corralillo 27571 843 22°59′9″N80°34′58″W / 22.98583°N 80.58278°O / 22.98583; -80.58278 (Corralillo)  
Encrucijada 33641 345 22°37′2″N79°51′58″W / 22.61722°N 79.86611°O / 22.61722; -79.86611 (Encrucijada)  
Manicaragua 73370 1063 22°09′1″N79°58′34″W / 22.15028°N 79.97611°O / 22.15028; -79.97611 (Manicaragua)  
Placetas 71837 601 22°18′58″N79°39′19″W / 22.31611°N 79.65528°O / 22.31611; -79.65528 (Placetas)  
Quemado de Güines 22590 338 22°47′24″N80°15′21″W / 22.79°N 80.25583°O / 22.79; -80.25583 (Quemado de Güines)  
Ranchuelo 59062 556 22°20′10″N80°06′46″W / 22.33611°N 80.11278°O / 22.33611; -80.11278 (Ranchuelo)  
Remedios 46482 560 22°29′32″N79°32′44″W / 22.49222°N 79.54556°O / 22.49222; -79.54556 (Remedios)  
Sagua la Grande 56097 661 22°48′32″N80°04′15″W / 22.80889°N 80.07083°O / 22.80889; -80.07083 (Sagua la Grande)  
Santa Clara 237581 514 22°24′20″N79°57′14″W / 22.40556°N 79.95389°O / 22.40556; -79.95389 (Santa Clara) Capoluogo
Santo Domingo 53840 883 22°35′1″N80°14′18″W / 22.58361°N 80.23833°O / 22.58361; -80.23833 (Santo Domingo)  

Provincia de Villa Clara

 

Capital Santa Clara
Idioma oficial Español
Entidad Provincia
 • País  Cuba
Superficie  
 • Total 8 661.5 km²
Población  
 • Total 833 424 hab.
 • Densidad 96,2 hab/km²

La provincia de Villa Clarase encuentra en la región central de Cuba.

Limita al norte con el Golfo de México, el estrecho de la Florida y el Canal Viejo de Bahamas. Al sur limita con las provincias de Sancti Spíritus y Cienfuegos.

En la ciudad de Santa Clara descansan los restos del Che Guevara. Esta ciudad, fundada en 1689 bajo el nombre de Gloriosa Santa Clara, era cabecera de la región que primero fue conocida como Las Villas hasta que finalmente adoptó su denominación actual.[]

Economía

La economía mantuvo una consolidada tradición azucarera hasta fecha muy reciente en que esta actividad se deprimió producto de la enorme crisis económica y literalmente está atravesando un proceso de reestructuración encaminado a una paulatina eliminación del ámbito económico. Otras actividades económicas importantes son: la industria de productos electrodomésticos y semipesada, la industria química, la pesca, el cultivo del café y la actividad silvicultural. Son importantes también los criaderos de mariscos de Caibarién, poblado eminetemente de pescadores. El turismo está localizado en las zonas del lago Hanabanilla y el Escambray, en los cayos y costas del norte y en el balneario de aguas minero – medicinales y termales de Elguea.

La provincia está limitada al norte por un sistema de cayos, con pequeñas playas de aguas límpidas y fina arena blanca, que invitan al buceo y a la fotografía submarina.

Esta provincia cuenta con una capacidad total de embalses hidráulicos de 881,2 millones de metros cúbicos.

Demografía

La población total de la provincia es de 833 424 habitantes, el 77,4% de los cuales vive en la zona urbana.

La tasa bruta de natalidad es de 13,8 por mil habitantes, mientras que la tasa bruta de mortalidad es de apenas 7,7 por mil habitantes. La esperanza de vida en Villa Clara es de 76 años.

Municipios

  • Caibarién
  • Camajuaní
  • Cifuentes
  • Corralillo
  • Encrucijada
  • Manicaragua
  • Placetas
  • Quemado de Güines
  • Ranchuelo
  • Remedios
  • Sagua la Grande
  • Santa Clara
  • Santo Domingo

Villa Clara Province

 

Villa Clara Province

 
Country Cuba
Capital Santa Clara
Area[1]
 • Total 8,413.13 km2 (3,248.3 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 803,562
 • Density 95.5/km2 (247.4/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)

Villa Clara is one of the provinces of Cuba. It is located in the central region of the island bordering with the Atlantic at north, Matanzas Province by west, Sancti Spiritus Province by east, and Cienfuegos Province on the South. Villa Clara shares with Cienfuegos and Sancti Spiritus on the south the Escambray Mountain Range. Its main cities are Santa Clara (the capital), Sagua La Grande, Placetas, Camajuani, Remedios and Caibarién.

History

The current provinces of Cienfuegos, Sancti Spíritus, and Villa Clara were once all part of the now defunct province of Las Villas, but Villa Clara is still referred some times just as “Las Villas” using the shorter old name. Santa Clara was the capital of historical Las Villas and still capital of Villa Clara.

During Pre-Spanish settlement in Cuba what now is Villa Clara province was populated by Taíno people with chieftains of Sabanaque (north west), Sabana (north east), and Cubanacan, literally “The Middle Land” in the center where Santa Clara city is located nowadays. In this region from the eastern landing point of the Spanish was where Columbus believed the “King of India” was living.

In early colonial Cuba, historical province Las Villas was center to cattle industry but by 18th and 19th centuries it has shifted to sugar production with a large concentration of mills. At the beginning of the 20th century it had the highest percentage of land farms (90%). [2] In 1950 was second to Havana in manufacturing establishments.

After Castro’s revolution in the 60’s it still lead in sugar production on the island, but in the late 80’s and 90’s after the collapse of the Soviet Union and lack of support thereof, most of the already inefficient mills were closed down, some of them disassembled, while others became museums. Only the most efficient mills are still producing sugar. Since then the province concentrated its efforts on building beach resorts.

Economy

Sugar, the commodity that Cuban economy used to rely upon was basically based on the plains in the north of this province, and several large mills provided employment to many people. Now in a new structure of Cuban economy most of this mills have been abandoned and the economy is focusing on newly built beach resort in the north cays. Sugar and Tobacco are still the second most important agricultural activity of the province.

Geography

The northern coast of Villa Clara is dotted with numerous cays (part of the Sabana-Camaguey Archipelago), and there are many coral reefs, sandy beaches, and newly constructed touristic resorts.

The Cays are a capricious cluster of some 500 islands, strewn along a sea of varying shades of blues and greens off the northern coast of the central province of Villa Clara and close to the second largest coral barrier reef in the world. It’s a tropical paradise with more than 17 km of fine-white sand beaches.

Villa Clara Cays, covering more than 77 844 hectares, are a veritable wildlife refuge and provide a habitat for some 248 species of plans. The most precious jewels are Cayo Las Brujas, Cayo Ensenachos and Cayo Santa Maria, renowned for their immaculate landscape of incredible beauty, with sugary-white sand beaches and crystal-clear waters, fringed by autochthonous vegetation and connected to Caibarien, a small fishing town on the Cuban mainland, by a 48 km causeway stretching over the sea -accorded an international prize for its harmonious combination of nature and engineering in an area declared a World Biosphere Reserve- thus enabling visitors to access the cays directly from Santa Clara City, site of the international airport. The causeway has a total of 46 bridges especially designed to allow the flow of sea water, therefore protecting both the biodiversity and sustainability of the area.There is a small air terminal in Cayo Las Brujas for the operation of small and medium size aircraft.

Villa Clara Cays, located approximately 300 km from Havana, are part of the Jardines del Rey archipelago, the largest archipelago surrounding Cuba which extends 465 km along the northern coast of the country.

A site of legends, it is said that this island, maze of singular biodiversity, was once a haven for pirates and buccaneers ready to pounce on ship passing along Cuba’s shores.

Cayo Las Brujas takes its name from an old legend about a young couple whose love was thwarted by a jealous uncle, who in turn is the namesake of another islet: Cayo Borracho, which means drunkard. The remains of the San Paulo, a ship that ran aground many years ago, can be observed a mile away from the cay. Built in San Francisco, California and launched in 1919, the ship evokes the presence of American writer Ernest Hemingway in the area. From its deck, Cuban painter Leopold Romañach found inspiration for some of his famous marine landscapes.

Cayo Ensenachos is the smallest of the three cays but it’s a refuge for 22 endemic plants and 39 wildlife species. Shaped like a horseshoe, the islet was originally an aboriginal settlement. The beach is always calm due to the position of the cay which prevents the large waves from hitting the shore with force.

Cayo Santa Maria is also known as the White Rose of Jardines del Rey. The cay was named after the flagship of Christopher Columbus’s fleet on his maiden voyage to the New World. Legend has it that this strip of land-some 13 km long and 2 km in width- is haunted by the spirit of Rosa Maria Coraje, a woman who hid aboard a ship in a desperate attempt to find both paradise and her beloved. She landed on the cay and managed to survive hiding in the marshes, among the mangroves and feeding on fish, until she finally discovered her dearly-loved in a neighboring cay.

Around Santa Clara, the land rises into the Alturas de Santa Clara. The highest point in the Santa Clara region is in the Alturas, at 464 m (1,522 ft) above sea level, while the south, dominated by the Escambray Mountains, reach elevations of over 900 m (3,000 ft). Villa Clara also has numerous lakes, which are used for both water sports and fishing. The largest Cuban river to drain into the Atlantic, Río Sagua la Grande, is also in Villa Clara province.


 

Municipalities  

Municipality

Population (2004)

Area  (km²)

Location

Remarks

Caibarién 38064 212 22°30′57″N79°28′20″W / 22.51583°N 79.47222°O / 22.51583; -79.47222 (Caibarién)  
Camajuaní 63544 614 22°28′5″N79°43′25″W / 22.46806°N 79.72361°O / 22.46806; -79.72361 (Camajuaní)  
Cifuentes 33391 512 22°37′15″N80°03′57″W / 22.62083°N 80.06583°O / 22.62083; -80.06583 (Cifuentes)  
Corralillo 27571 843 22°59′9″N80°34′58″W / 22.98583°N 80.58278°O / 22.98583; -80.58278 (Corralillo)  
Encrucijada 33641 345 22°37′2″N79°51′58″W / 22.61722°N 79.86611°O / 22.61722; -79.86611 (Encrucijada)  
Manicaragua 73370 1063 22°09′1″N79°58′34″W / 22.15028°N 79.97611°O / 22.15028; -79.97611 (Manicaragua)  
Placetas 71837 601 22°18′58″N79°39′19″W / 22.31611°N 79.65528°O / 22.31611; -79.65528 (Placetas)  
Quemado de Güines 22590 338 22°47′24″N80°15′21″W / 22.79°N 80.25583°O / 22.79; -80.25583 (Quemado de Güines)  
Ranchuelo 59062 556 22°20′10″N80°06′46″W / 22.33611°N 80.11278°O / 22.33611; -80.11278 (Ranchuelo)  
Remedios 46482 560 22°29′32″N79°32′44″W / 22.49222°N 79.54556°O / 22.49222; -79.54556 (Remedios)  
Sagua la Grande 56097 661 22°48′32″N80°04′15″W / 22.80889°N 80.07083°O / 22.80889; -80.07083 (Sagua la Grande)  
Santa Clara 237581 514 22°24′20″N79°57′14″W / 22.40556°N 79.95389°O / 22.40556; -79.95389 (Santa Clara) Provincial Capital
Santo Domingo 53840 883 22°35′1″N80°14′18″W / 22.58361°N 80.23833°O / 22.58361; -80.23833 (Santo Domingo)  

 

Demographics

In 2004, the province of Villa Clara had a population of 817,070. With a total area of 8,412.41 km2 (3,248.05 sq mi), the province had a population density of 97.1 /km2 (251 /sq mi).

Notable residents

  • Liván Hernández, baseball player
  • Orlando Hernández, baseball player
  • Rolando Arrojo, baseball player