Granma

Granma Province

 

Granma Province
 
Country Cuba
Capital Bayamo
Area
 • Total 8,376.79 km2 (3,234.3 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)
 • Total 835,675
 • Density 99.8/km2 (258.4/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-023

Granma is one of the provinces of Cuba. Its capital is Bayamo. Other towns include Manzanillo (a port on the Gulf of Guacanayabo) and Pilón.

History

The province was named after the yacht Granma, used by Che Guevara and Fidel Castro to land in Cuba with 82 guerrillas in 1956; until 1976 it was part of the larger “Oriente Province”. The American who sold them the secondhand yacht in Mexico apparently had named it “Granma” (“Granma”, more usually “Grandma”, is an affectionate term for a grandmother) after his grandmother[2] and so the name of this vessel became an icon for Cuban communism.

The province is full of reminders of the Cuban Revolution, and the Cuban Wars of Independence, plaques in the mountain commemorating the 1959 struggle against Fulgencio Batista. Also unmarked, although there are archaeological digs, are the sites of several palenques, the fortified hamlets of escaped slaves. In 2005 Hurricane Dennis destroyed the site of Castro’s headquarters at La Plata. There are numerous abandoned gold, silver, and manganese mine sites.

Economy The main source of revenue comes from coffee that is grown in the mountainous regions of the province. During the coffee harvest there may be roadblocks, where soldiers ensure that the coffee is delivered to the government and not the black market. Municipalities  

Municipality Popolation (2004) Area (km²) Location Remarks
Bartolomé Masó 53024 629 20°10′7″N76°56′33″W / 20.16861°N 76.9425°O / 20.16861; -76.9425 (Bartolomé Masó)  
Bayamo 222118 918 20°22′54″N76°38′33″W / 20.38167°N 76.6425°O / 20.38167; -76.6425 (Bayamo) Provincial Capital
Buey Arriba 31327 452 20°10′25″N76°44′57″W / 20.17361°N 76.74917°O / 20.17361; -76.74917 (Buey Arriba)  
Campechuela 46092 577 20°14′0″N77°16′44″W / 20.23333°N 77.27889°O / 20.23333; -77.27889 (Campechuela)  
Cauto Cristo 21159 550 20°33′44″N76°28′10″W / 20.56222°N 76.46944°O / 20.56222; -76.46944 (Cauto Cristo)  
Guisa 50923 596 20°15′40″N76°32′17″W / 20.26111°N 76.53806°O / 20.26111; -76.53806 (Guisa)  
Jiguaní 60320 646 20°22′24″N76°25′20″W / 20.37333°N 76.42222°O / 20.37333; -76.42222 (Jiguaní)  
Manzanillo 130789 498 20°20′23″N77°06′31″W / 20.33972°N 77.10861°O / 20.33972; -77.10861 (Manzanillo)  
Media Luna 35330 376 20°08′40″N77°26′10″W / 20.14444°N 77.43611°O / 20.14444; -77.43611 (Media Luna)  
Niquero 41252 582 20°02′50″N77°34′41″W / 20.04722°N 77.57806°O / 20.04722; -77.57806 (Niquero)  
Pilón 29751 462 19°54′20″N77°19′15″W / 19.90556°N 77.32083°O / 19.90556; -77.32083 (Pilón)  
Río Cauto 47833 1500 20°33′50″N76°55′2″W / 20.56389°N 76.91722°O / 20.56389; -76.91722 (Río Cauto)  
Yara 59415 576 20°16′37″N76°56′49″W / 20.27694°N 76.94694°O / 20.27694; -76.94694 (Yara)  

 

Demographics

In 2004, the province of Granma had a population of 829,333. With a total area of 8,375.49 km2 (3,233.79 sq mi), the province had a population density of 99.0 /km2 (256 /sq mi).

Municipalities of Granma

 

  • Bartolomé Masó
  • Bayamo
  • Buey Arriba
  • Campechuela
  • Cauto Cristo
  • Guisa
  • Jiguaní
  • Manzanillo
  • Media Luna
  • Niquero
  • Pilón
  • Río Cauto
  • Yara